The following legal options are available for victims of crime:
- Victims of Crime Assistance A body set up to hear and decide disputes, usually with less formality and less strict rules of evidence than in a court proceeding.: provides financial assistance to victims of violent crime to help cover expenses incurred as a direct result of that crime (e.g. lost earnings, the cost of long-term counselling, medical and funeral expenses) – see ‘Victims of Crime Assistance Tribunal’, below.
- Civil proceedings: a victim can issue a civil claim for A court order for money to be paid to someone to compensate them for a loss suffered as a result of a civil wrong or breach of contract. For example, a person who caused a serious permanent injury to another person can be ordered by the court to pay damages that compensate the injured person for their loss of income from being unable to work. See also aggravated damages; compensatory damages; general damages; liquidated damages; nominal damages; special damages. against the A person who has committed a crime. – see ‘Civil claims for damages’, below.
- Compensation under the Sentencing A written law made by parliament. Also called an ‘Act of parliament’, ‘statute’ or legislation. 1991 (Vic): a victim can seek compensation from the offender for pain and suffering; the An independent body that hears legal claims brought by parties and decides between them. Serious cases are heard by a judge and jury, or just a judge. Less-serious cases are heard by a magistrate. can also order the offender to pay the victim’s counselling, medical and other expenses – see ‘Compensation under the Sentencing Act’, below.