How the law defines disability, impairment and mental illness and the key laws a state and federal levels that protect people’s rights against discrimination and for employment, accommodation, education and other services are described. The types of disability, disability services, disability discrimination, advocacy and recent developments under the National Disability Insurance Scheme are covered, along with sexual A criminal act prohibited by state or commonwealth criminal law. An offence is either a summary offence (minor) or an indictable offence (serious). cases and An obligation to take reasonable care to avoid harming other people or their property. Breach of a duty of care that causes damage or loss to another may give rise to an action in tort. and An act that breaches a duty to take reasonable care and results in loss or damage to another person. See also tort..