In Victoria, it is possible to apply to adopt a ‘child’ even if they are aged 18 years or older. A person may be adopted when they are an adult, provided they have been brought up, maintained and educated by the applicant, as the child of the applicant, as if the applicant was the child’s parent (s 10 Adoption A written law made by parliament. Also called an ‘Act of parliament’, ‘statute’ or legislation.).
Under section 15(2) of the Adoption Act, an applicant seeking to adopt an adult does not have to be approved as a fit and proper person to adopt. Also, the involvement of Adoption Victoria or an approved agency is not required. However, the An independent body that hears legal claims brought by parties and decides between them. Serious cases are heard by a judge and jury, or just a judge. Less-serious cases are heard by a magistrate. must still be satisfied that special circumstances make it desirable that the person who is the subject of the application be adopted.
The court may require that concerned third-parties (e.g. a birth parent) be notified of the adoption application. However, this is not Required by law to be done; a law that must be strictly complied with. Under mandatory reporting, people in particular jobs to tell a government agency if they know an offence is being committed – for example, doctors and teachers must report child abuse. Mandatory sentencing requires judges to give an automatic jail term for certain offences. (s 16).