At protests, police officers are increasingly being assisted by other officials. For example, officers from the Victorian Government Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning assist police officers at forest protests, and Money or property promised to be handed over as a guarantee for repayment of a loan, or as a guarantee that a defendant will meet their bail conditions. firm personnel attend demonstrations where private property is at risk. The powers of government or quasi-government officials are specified in the relevant Statutory rules made by parliament or by bodies the parliament delegates power to, for example a local council or a registration authority. See delegated legislation; statute..
Protective Formal delivery of legal documents to a person to tell them there are court proceedings against them which they must defend, or to make sure a witness in a case knows when they have to go to court to give evidence. officers
The Victoria Police A written law made by parliament. Also called an ‘Act of parliament’, ‘statute’ or legislation. 2013 (Vic) designates the powers of protective service officers. They may exercise, in the course of their duties, the same powers and responsibilities as police officers. Like police, they have additional To seize a person suspected of breaking the law and hold them in custody. Police have powers to arrest and charge suspected offenders and bring them before a court. powers provided to them under section 459 of the Crimes Act (Vic) (see Chapter 3.5: Arrest, search, The asking of questions. In criminal cases, the questioning of suspects by police. In civil proceedings, a pre-hearing process in which one party asks the other party a series of written questions, called interrogatories, which must be answered on oath. and your rights).
Private security guards
Private security guards are not police officers; they do not have most of the powers that police officers have. The power of arrest of private security guards is usually limited to the An arrest by any person who is not a police officer or who does not have a warrant to arrest. A person who sees a serious crime taking place can stop the offender committing the crime and keep them under control until the police get there. The rule is based on old case law. powers.
A citizen can only use proportionate force to prevent the commission of an indictable (serious) A criminal act prohibited by state or commonwealth criminal law. An offence is either a summary offence (minor) or an indictable offence (serious)., or to assist the lawful arrest of a person suspected of committing any offence (s 462A Crimes Act (Vic)). In doing so, a citizen cannot break rules and regulations. (See ‘Use of force in arrest’ in Chapter 3.5: Arrest, search, interrogation and your rights.)
Like police, private security guards can use ‘reasonable force’ to perform their lawful functions. However, what is reasonable force for a security guard to use should be less than what is reasonable for a police officer.
The other additional power that security guards have is that which is vested in them by the owners of the private property, to protect that property. In some cases, this power may be written in legislation about the organisation, such as the Act establishing a university.
The Victorian A public official appointed to investigate citizens’ complaints against government departments and statutory authorities. A specialised ombudsman resolves consumer complaints in a particular industry, for example the banking ombudsman for the banking industry. See also statutory authority. can only investigate the conduct of local and state government employees. The private security industry is regulated by the Licensing Services Division of Victoria Police (email: email@example.com).
Alternatively, where you have sufficient Material presented to a court to prove or disprove a fact. It can include what witnesses say as well as documents and other objects. and significant injuries have been incurred, A court case in which one person or organisation sues another for compensation, or for some other court order. This is different from a criminal case, where the police bring criminal charges and the court may give the defendant a penalty, such as time in prison, if they are found guilty. Also called a lawsuit, a civil claim, a civil matter or a proceeding. against the private security firm may be appropriate.