Australian law is created through Statutory rules made by parliament or by bodies the parliament delegates power to, for example a local council or a registration authority. See delegated legislation; statute. in parliament and via (1) The system of law developed by the English courts through precedent and adopted in ‘common law countries’ in the British Commonwealth (as opposed to Roman law (civil law) or ecclesiastical law). (2) The case law made by judges in that system. (3) Case law that is not part of the law of equity. (4) Historically, the rules of law common to all people in England, as distinct from local or customary laws. as it has evolved through the courts. Meanwhile, the The interests and rights of Indigenous Australians to their traditional land. This title is not the same as a certificate of title. It is a connection to land under traditional laws and customs that has not been interrupted by later settlement and permits use of the land for traditional purposes. A written law made by parliament. Also called an ‘Act of parliament’, ‘statute’ or legislation. 1993 (Cth) seeks to protect traditional rights for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. Australia’s courts rule on the law in a tiered system with the magistrates at entry level, ascending to the County, Supreme and High An independent body that hears legal claims brought by parties and decides between them. Serious cases are heard by a judge and jury, or just a judge. Less-serious cases are heard by a magistrate.. The Family Court and Federal Court operate in parallel. Victoria also has a specialist Children’s Court.