The main difference between buying a property by private treaty or at an auction is that auctions limit a buyer’s ability to negotiate.
Not all properties listed for auction actually sell at auction. Potential buyers should ask the A person who acts for someone else. They can make decisions, carry out tasks or make agreements for the other person. For example, if you ask someone to bid for you at an auction they will be acting as your agent. if the A seller. is considering pre-auction offers. If a pre-auction The first step in agreeing to make a legally binding agreement. An offer must be accepted before there can be a legally enforceable contract. For example, a person can offer to sell their car for $5000 and a buyer can accept the offer and pay that purchase price. is accepted, the auction is cancelled.
You can appoint someone else to bid for you (e.g. a buyer’s advocate, a family member or friend) but do not arrange to have someone else sign the An agreement that the law will enforce. of sale on your behalf or rely on the (1) A person put forward as a candidate for an elected position. (2) A person chosen to act on behalf of someone else. See also agent. clause in the contract without first seeking legal advice.
Where there is more than one buyer, all buyers should be ready to sign the contract at the auction. If someone else is attending an auction on your behalf, ask your A legal practitioner (lawyer) who sees clients and opens files to deal with their legal matters but usually does not appear in court. See also barrister. to arrange a non-enduring A formal, written legal document in which one person gives another person power to make decisions or take actions for them in certain situations. See also enduring power; supportive attorney. (see Chapter 8.7: Understanding power of attorney). If you are attending an auction but your partner cannot and you want their name to be added to the contract of sale later, sign the contract in your name and write ‘and/or nominee’ next to it. Your conveyancer can then prepare a nomination document. Note that some contracts include a nomination fee. Also, nominations usually need to be delivered to the vendor within a set time period (e.g. 14 days before settlement).
Conduct at auctions
In July 2008, new Statutory rules made by parliament or by bodies the parliament delegates power to, for example a local council or a registration authority. See delegated legislation; statute. commenced that prevents bids being accepted after the fall of the hammer at house auctions in Victoria. This removes the dubious practice of a successful bidder being gazumped by a late bid. Auctioneers are required to display the rules of the auction and to explain them to bidders before the auction begins.
The auctioneer must clearly disclose when a vendor’s bid is being made so other bidders know the source of the bid.
It is also common for an auctioneer to halt an auction to consult the vendor in private. This can occur when bidding is slow at the start of an auction, or when there is a lull in the bidding, and the auctioneer thinks it is necessary to get further instructions from the vendor. The auctioneer then returns and advises the audience about these discussions. Normally, the bidding process resumes. It continues until the property is passed in or sold to the highest bidder.
The auctioneer announces when a property is ‘on the market’ (i.e. when the bidding reaches the level at which the vendor A document that sets out what a person wants to happen to their money and other property after they die. sell the property). When this announcement is made, the auctioneer sells the property to the highest bidder, and does not pass in the property.
In contrast, if the property is passed in, the vendor’s All the property a person has, including real property and personal property. It is often used to describe property belonging to someone who has died, or the property of a bankrupt. agent begins post-auction negotiations with the person who made the highest bid.
Cooling-off rights do not apply to auctions.
Private treaty or agreements
Many properties are sold by private treaty or agreement. The buyer can make a written offer to the vendor by signing the contract of sale, making a down payment for the deposit, and instructing the agent to communicate the offer to the vendor for acceptance or refusal within a specific time. The offer can be for less than the agent advises the vendor is willing to accept. The down payment is returned to the buyer if the offer is not accepted. Agents have different ways of conducting this process, including asking for ‘expressions of interest’ or asking all interested parties to disclose their final offer.
The time allowed for a purchaser to change their mind and legally withdraw from a contract after signing it. A contract to buy a house or a car in Victoria will often have a cooling-off period of three business days (excluding weekends and public holidays) after signing the contract.
The advantage of a private treaty contract is that the buyer often has a right to withdraw from the contract during the cooling-off period. If the land is residential, the buyer can end the contract during the three business days after the contract is signed and recover their deposit less $100 or 0.2 per cent of the purchase price, whichever is the higher amount. This right is not available to a buyer who:
- has entered into an earlier contract with the same vendor with substantially the same terms;
- purchased within three business days on either side of the auction date;
- is a selling agent or company; or
- has bought a commercial or industrial property.